As a municipal division, the City of Sochi is incorporated as Sochi Urban Okrug. Sochi is administratively subdivided into four city districts: Tsentralny City District, Lazarevsky City District, Khostinsky City District, and Adlersky City District.
Tsentralny City District/ Central Sochi District:
Tsentralny City District, or central Sochi, covers an area of 32 Sq Km. Attractions include:
Lazarevsky City District:
Lazarevsky City District lies to the northwest from the city center and comprises of several microdistricts:
- Lazarevskoye contains a delphinarium, Lazarev’s Fort and a couple of churches. Lazarevskoye is a popular place for beach tourism with a couple of waterparks - Nautilus Water Park & Morskaya Zvezda Water Park.
- Loo district contains the ruins of a medieval church, founded in the 8th century, rebuilt in the 11th century, and converted into a fortress in the Late Middle Ages.
- Dagomys has been noted for its botanical garden, established by order of Nicholas II, as well as tea plantations and factories.
- Golovinka is a historic location at the mouth of the Shakhe River. Formerly marking the border between the Ubykhs and the Shapsugs, the settlement was noted by Italian travelers of the 17th century as Abbasa.
- Fort Godlik , of which little remains, had a turbulent history. It was built at the mouth of the Godlik River in the Byzantine period (5th to 8th centuries), was destroyed by the Khazars and revived by the Genoese in the High Middle Ages.
Khostinsky City District:
Khostinsky City District, sprawling to the southeast from the city center, is traversed by many rivulets which give their names to the microdistricts of Matsesta ("flame-colored river"), Kudepsta, and Khosta ("the river of boars").
- Matsesta: Matsesta has been a spa since 1902. A 1,316-meter (4,318 ft) long tunnel, constructed between 1996 and 2000, connects it to Kurortny Avenue,a street running along the coast between Khosta and Sochi proper. Matsesta hosts a major part of all resorts in Sochi. Some of those have been built in the 1930s and considered as good examples of early Soviet architecture. There is an aquarium in Novaya Matsesta.
- Khosta is an old village, containing the ruins of a medieval church, going back to the 14th century, and the comparatively modern Transfiguration Church, consecrated in 1914. Khosta has an array of tourist attractions:
- Khosta Fortress is perched on the top of a 100-meter high cliff within six kilometers (3.7 miles) from the sea coast. The fortress stands on the grounds of an ancient grove of yews and boxwood, which may be up to 30 million years old. The grove as been affiliated with the Caucasus Zapovednik (Caucasian State Nature Biosphere Reserve) and is the World Heritage Site as a part of the Zapovednik.
- Akhun massif: The Akhun massif comprises Greater Akhun Mtn. (663 m), Lesser Akhun Mtn. (501 m), and Eagle Bluff (380 m). Greater Akhun is crowned by a Neo-Romanesque limestone tower (1936) that offers glimpses of Pitsunda and Gagra across the border in Abkhazia. There is also a chain of twenty karst caves in the massif.
- The Summer Theatre is a rather ordinary Neoclassical structure, erected in 1937 and extensively renovated in 2001.
- Agura Waterfalls: The three Agura River waterfalls count among the top natural attractions in Sochi. They are located in the Khosta District, about two and a half miles (four kilometers) from the seashore.
- Kudepsta: At the border with Adler, Kudepsta is another seashore resort, notable for the Vorontsov Caves.
Adlersky City District:
Adlersky City District is the southernmost district of the city, located just north of the border with Abkhazia.
- Among the natural wonders of the district is the Akhshtyr Gorge with a 160 m long cave that contains traces of human habitation from about 30,000 years ago.
- The upland part of the district includes a network of remote mountain villages (auls), the Estonian colony at Estosadok, and the ski resort of Krasnaya Polyana which hosted the events (Alpine and Nordic) of the 2014 Winter Olympics.
Getting to the city from Sochi/Adler International Airport
- The Sochi/Adler International Airport is approximately 27.9 Km from the Soch.
- You can use the following services to reach the Sochi:
- A high-speed railway, the Aeroexpress, connects Sochi with the Adler airport.
- For schedule and fares, refer here.
- Bus: The following buses are available from Sochi International Airport:
- #51 Airport-Torgovy center Adler (market)
- #124 Airport-Sochi (railway station)
- #130 Adler-Airport-Forelevoe Hozaistvo (s.Moldovka)
- #131 Adler-Airport-s.Golitsino
- #131 Adler-Aeroport-s.Lipniki
- #135 Airport-Krasnaya Polyana
- Mini-van: The following Mini-van service is available from Sochi International Airport:
- #51/130 Forelevoe Hozaistvo (s.Moldovka)-Airport-Torgovy Center Adler (market)
- #105 Forelevoe Hozaistvo (s.Moldovka)-Airport-Sochi (railway station)
- #124 Airport-Sochi (railway station)
- #144 Airport-Dagomys
- Upon arrival at the Sochi Adler Airport you must be ready to negotiate taxi prices to reach the city.
- There will be taxi drivers everywhere but, not all will be willing to take you for a reasonable price. Make sure to settle the price before you get in the car. A ride to Adler costs RUB 300.00-500.00, to Cental Sochi – RUB 800.00-1,000.00, to Krasnaya Polyana – RUB 1,200.00-1,600.00.
- Car Rental:
- The car rental agencies available at the airport are:
- Sochi main bus terminal is located right near the main train terminal in Central Sochi. The second important terminal is in Adler.
- The Autotrans coordinates the operation of the bus service.
- Refer here for details.
- The Russian Railways coordinates the operation of the train service.
- Sochi has two major rail terminals in Central Sochi and Adler. However, most trains make short stops at small transit stations of Great Sochi: Lazarevskaya, Loo, Dagomys, Matsesta and Khosta.
- Tickets can be purchased via Russian Railways website, at RZD counters, or via travel agencies.
- The M4 / E115 road connects Sochi with Moscow (1,660 Km/1,031 mi) via Voronezh (1,150 Km/715 mi), Rostov-on-Don (570 Km/354 mi) and Krasnodar (300 Km/186 mi).
- For private/shared car hire:
- As is usual in Russia, if you put your hand out in the street, you'll gather several cars willing to be hired, and only a few of them will be licensed taxis. Such unofficial ways of transportation are still popular in the country because it is usually cheaper and faster than the official taxi service.
- The minimum taxi fare is RUB 179.93 and increases by RUB 22.49/every km
- Taxi agencies with their contact numbers:
- You can refer to the numbeo website for taxi fares in the city.
Tipping is expected in Russia.
- Restaurants: Typically in Russia the etiquette is to tip anywhere between 10% and 15% of the bill. Tip in cash, and give it directly to the waiter. Many restaurants don’t accept credit cards.
- Bars: Tipping at bars is unusual but appreciated. You may leave an additional amount if you are happy with the service.
- Taxis: You can round up the fare or tip no more than 10%.
- Hotel Porters/Concierge: In Russia, it is common to tip the porter or bellboy between RUB 30.00 and 90.00 for each bag. It is normal to tip the housekeeper between RUB 60.00 and RUB 120.00 per day (you can leave the change in the ashtray or on the bedside table). Tip the concierge RUB 300.00 if he provides extra service.